What is Speech-Language Pathology?

Autism Speech Kids Academy


Or autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behavior. Parents usually notice signs in the first two or three years of their child’s life.These signs often develop gradually, though some children with autism reach their developmental milestones at a normal pace and then worsen.

ADHD Speech Kids Academy

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Affects children and teens and can continue into adulthood.

ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, a condition with symptoms such as inattentiveness, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. The symptoms differ from person to person. ADHD was formerly called ADD, or attention deficit disorder. Both children and adults can have ADHD, but the symptoms always begin in childhood. Adults with ADHD may have trouble managing time, being organized, setting goals, and holding down a job.

Specific language impairment Speech Kids Academy

Specific language impairment (SLI)

Specific language impairment is one of the most common childhood learning disabilities, affecting approximately 7 to 8 percent of children in kindergarten.

  1. What is specific language impairment?
  2. What are the symptoms of specific language impairment?
  3. How is specific language impairment diagnosed in children?
  4. How is specific language impairment diagnosed in children?
  5. What treatments are available for specific language impairment?
Language disorder - Speech Kids Academy, PC

Language disorder

Is a communication disorder in which a person has persistent difficulties in learning and using various forms of language

A language disorder is an impairment that makes it hard for someone to find the right words and form clear sentences when speaking. It can also make it difficult to understand what another person says. A child may have difficulty understanding what others say, may struggle to put thoughts into words, or both.
You may notice that your child’s vocabulary is very basic and his sentences are short, ungrammatical and incomplete…
Voice disorders - Speech Kids Academy, PC

Voice disorders

Are medical conditions involving abnormal pitch, loudness or quality of the sound produced by the larynx and thereby affecting speech production.

Voice disorders are medical conditions involving abnormal pitch, loudness or quality of the sound produced by the larynx and thereby affecting speech production.

Swallowing Disorder - Speech Kids Academy, PC

Swallowing disorder (dysphasia)

Difficulty swallowing

Swallowing disorders include difficulties in any system of the swallowing process (i.e. oral, pharyngeal, esophageal), as well as functional dysphagia and feeding disorders. Swallowing disorders can occur at any age and can stem from multiple causes.
Why is it important for children who qualify to receive speech therapy ? If your child is at preschool or school , speech and language delay may adversely impact his/her academic performance. It’s crucial to start therapy ASAP so the child will recover quicker . Schedule a speech and language evaluation if your child presents with any of the following.

Articulation disorder

An articulation disorder is a speech sound disorder in which a child has difficulty making certain sounds correctly.

Sounds may be omitted or improperly altered during the course of speech. A child may substitute sounds (“wabbit” instead of “rabbit”) or add sounds improperly to words. Young children will typically display articulation issues as they learn to speak, but they are expected to “grow out of it” by a certain age.  If the errors persist past a standard developmental age, which varies based on the sound, then that child has an articulation disorder.

Stuttering disorder

also called stammering or childhood-onset fluency disorder — is a speech disorder that involves frequent and significant problems with normal fluency and flow of speech.

People who stutter know what they want to say, but have difficulty saying it. For example, they may repeat or prolong a word, a syllable, or a consonant or vowel sound. Or they may pause during speech because they’ve reached a problematic word or sound.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI)

Traumatic brain injury, often referred to as TBI, is most often an acute event similar to other injuries.

That is where the similarity between traumatic brain injury and other injuries ends. One moment the person is normal and the next moment life has abruptly changed.
In most other aspects, a traumatic brain injury is very different. Since our brain defines who we are, the consequences of a brain injury can affect all aspects of our lives, including our personality. A brain injury is different from a broken limb or punctured lung…

Auditory Processing Disorder (APD)

The ability to understand spoken language involves not only the ability of the ear to detect sounds, but also the ability of the brain to recognize, interpret, and use the acoustic information in our environment.

Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) formerly referred to as central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) is an abnormality in the brain’s ability to filter and process sounds and words. Individuals with Auditory Processing Disorder have a neurological defect in the pathways from the auditory (hearing) nerve through the higher auditory pathways in the brain.